— Early Music Concert Series —
Elegant music for dancing and listening from the court of the Sun King, Louis XIV. Other senses are cherished by original French delicacies: pâté, cheese and wine.
Friday 31 July 2015 19:00 — Old Townhall (courtyard), Radnická 8, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic.
Plaisirs de Musique (CZ) and guests:
A tasting of French cheese, pâté, baguette and wine is included in the entrance fee! If you enjoy the delicacies, you can buy more after the concert.
|Marin Marais (1656 – 1728)||Suite II, g moll (Pièces en trio, Paris 1692)|
Prelude — Fantaisie — Sarabande — Sarabande — Rondeau — Gigue — Gavotte — Menuet — Menuet — Plainte — Passacaille — Petitte Passacaille — Air gay
|Jean Baptiste Lully (1632 – 1687)||Premier air des Espagnols (Le bourgeois gentilhomme, LWV 43, comp. 1670)|
Le bourgeois Gentilhomme — Solo dance — Sarabande
|Marin Marais (1656 – 1728)||Prelude — Le Grand Ballet|
|Marin Marais (1656 – 1728)|
|Folie d’Espagne (Dance)|
|André Campra (1660 – 1744)||Forlane (Carnaval de Venice, 1699)|
Carneval in Venice: Dance
|Jacques Morel (cca. 1700 – 1749?)||Chaconne en trio|
|Antoine Forqueray (1671 – 1745)||La Regente|
|Jean-Marie Leclair l’aîné (1697 – 1764)||Deuxième récréation de musique, op. 8|
Ouverture: Gravement, Légérement, Lentement — Forlane: Point trop vite —
Sarabande: Lentement — Menuet — Autre Menuet — Badinage —
Chaconne — Tambourin — Autre Tambourin
|Antoine Forqueray (1671 – 1745)||La Du Vaucel — La Couperin|
|Jean Baptiste Lully (1632 – 1687)||Passacaille de Persée (Dance)|
At the court of Louis XIV, the “Sun King”, the arts received an unusually warm welcome. King Louis himself was a passionate and excellent dancer, for which only the best composers wrote ballets and operas. Elegant Baroque dance – with original choreography and period costume – is performed by Lenka Horalová, soloist of the ensemble Alla Danza and a feast for the eyes. Together with the extravagant virtuosity and gentle beauty of the sounds of the viola da gamba of Petr Wagner and the other Baroque instruments of the musicians of the ensemble Plaisirs de Musique, this concert bring closer the atmosphere of an evening at the court of Versailles. Other senses are cherished by the taste of original French delicacies: pastries, cheese and wine from the Fromagerie at Minsk Street .
France has always ranked as a leading powers of art, and the 17th and 18th centuries were no exception. This was mainly due to the Versailles Court of Louis XIV, the “Sun King”, who was generous to his artists and always demanded the best. This period is associated with the biggest names of French Baroque music, such as Jean-Baptiste Lully, Marin Marais, André Campra, Marc-Antoine Charpentier and others.
Part of today’s concert includes works by the French virtuoso viola da gamba players Marin Marais and Antoine Forqueray. Marin Marais (1656–1728) was born into a poor family in Paris. He was a pupil of the famous musicians Sainte-Colombe and Jean-Baptiste Lully. From 1676, he worked at the court of Louis XIV in Versailles. His extensive oeuvre includes about 600 pieces for viola da gamba, four operas and a trio sonata. Marais’s successor was the viola da gamba virtuoso and composer Antoine Forqueray (1671–1745), who played for the king at the age of ten years, and seven years later became a member of the royal orchestra. His dramatic and powerful playing contrasted with Marais’s fine display of grace and style. Although he wrote almost 300 pieces, only 32 are known today, preserved in the editions of his son.
Jean-Marie Leclair l’aîne (1697—1764) was born in Lyon. He studied music (violin) and dance in Turin in Italy. In 1723, Leclair returned to France, to Paris, where he achieved considerable success as a violinist and composer, performing in the public Concerts Spirituels and devoting himself to composing, writing mainly sonatas for flute and basso continuo. He worked at the court of Louis XIV, in Holland, and in Madrid in the service of the Infanta Philip of Parma. In 1743 he returned to Paris, where he wrote his only opera Scylla et Glaucus.
Jean-Baptiste de Lully (1632–1687), originally Giovanni Battista Lulli, was born in Florence. He is one of the important French composers of the Baroque period actually created the French national opera with its typical overtures, and he also developed francophone recitatives. He was the most influential and successful composer in France during the reign of King Louis XIV. He became a member of Louis XIV’s court orchestra (Vingt-quatre Violons). Soon after, he was appointed conductor of the Petits Violons, for whom he wrote many ballets and dances, including some where the King himself participated as a dancer himself king. He became a friend and of Molière and together they created a number of very successful performances for the King. He was knighted in 1680.
André Campra (1660–1744) was a French composer and conductor. He received his musical and spiritual education at the Saint-Sauveur cathedral in Aix-en-Provence, where he became a priest in 1678. Between 1694 and 1700 he was maître de musique at the cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris; later, he held similar positions in Toulon, Arles and Toulouse. Campra contributed significantly to the revival of the French opera, and in 1730 he became director of the Paris Opera. His work L’Europe Galante is among the largest purveyors of the musical genre called comédie-ballet.
Born in Prague, Petr Wagner studied cello at the Prague Conservatoire with Josef Chuchro. This was followed by studies in musicology at the Charles University in Prague and at the Royal Holloway University of London. There he was introduced to viola da gamba by Richard Boothby, later continuing with Jaap ter Linden at the Akademie für alte Musik Dresden. After having completed his studies in Dresden, Petr was invited to study with Wieland Kuĳken at the Royal Conservatoire in The Hague where he received the Uitvoerend Musicus solo diploma.
As a soloist, chamber and continuo player, Petr has appeared at numerous European festivals, as well as in other parts of the world – Israel, Japan, Mexico. In 1998 Petr Wagner founded Ensemble Tourbillon with internationally acclaimed musicians. Its core activities focus on 17th and 18th century repertoire, with music by Couperin, Bach, Marais, Rebel, Purcell, Finger, Fischer and Händel.
Petr regularly records and broadcasts for BBC, Polish Radio, Czech Radio and Czech TV. He has appeared on nearly 40 CDs, either as a soloist or chamber musician. His solo CDs have won enthusiastic reviews and reception world-wide. In addition to his performing career, Petr devotes his time to teaching viola da gamba at the Brno Masaryk University and Lidzbark Warminski Early Music Summer School, and giving masterclasses in Prague, Düsseldorf, Moscow.
Lenka Horalová focused for many years primarily on contemporary dance, especially as a member of the ensemble Filigree in Brno. Since 2004, she started to explore the world of Baroque dance, first in the form of occasional seminars and summer schools with local and foreign teachers (Hana Slačálková, Andrea Miltnerová, Dorothée Wortelboer, Béatrice Massin, Françoise Denieau, Bérangère Bodénan, Ludovica Mosca), including participation in the renowned Academy in Sablé-sur-Sarthe (France). She also owes much to the collaboration with her father, the dancer and teacher František Dofek. Since 2012, she devotes herself continuously to Baroque dance under the auspices of Alla Danza Brno. In the summer 2015, they participated in the project Bach 15 of the French choreographer Béatrice Massin, which explores using the principles of Baroque dance in a completely contemporary context.
Alla Danza Brno was founded in 2012 as the Brno section of the well-established Prague historical dance ensemble Alla Danza. While the original Prague group engages in dances ranging from Gothic to the 19th century, Alla Danza Brno under the artistic direction of František Dofek specializes in the Baroque period. It deals primarily with the interpretation of the original choreography of social and theatrical dance of the French Baroque, aimed at its own choreographic productions, for example in last year’s cooperation to bring Purcell’s opera The Tempest on stage at Brno’s educational theatre Divadlo na Orlí.
Plaisirs de Musique is an ensemble that specializes in authentic performance of music from older periods on period instruments. Under the artistic direction of Jan Čižmář it interprets music from the 15th to the 19th century. Its members are leading European professional musicians specializing in early music. Projects which the ensemble performs are partly purely musical, but they also include cooperation on realisations of opera, recitals with singers, actors and dancers.
Marta Kratochvílová studied flute at the Conservatory in Pardubice and then at the Janáček Academy of Performing Arts in Brno. In 2000 began her studies in France at the Conservatoire National de Région de Strasbourg, where she specialized in baroque and renaissance flute with Jean-François Alizon and Nancy Hadden, and chamber music with Martin Gester and Patrick Blanc. She has participated in masterclasses and workshops by prominent figures such as Paul McCreesh, Barthold Kuĳken, Jan Latham-Koenig and Sir Neville Marriner. In France she played baroque and renaissance flute extensively in the ensembles Le Parlement de Musique Strasbourg, Bohemia duo and NotaBene. She also performed renaissance workshops (Ferrara, Munich, Stuttgart, Basel) with a consort of traverso players from Strasbourg.
Since 2010 she lives in the Czech Republic while performing regularly throughout Europe. In chamber and solo projects she cooperates closely with artists such as Jan Čižmář, Karel Fleischlinger, Joel Frederiksen, Martin Jakubíček, Petr Kolař, Ján Krigovský, Marcin Świątkiewicz, Marc Vonau and Petr Wagner. She is also leader of the renaissance flute consort Tourdion.
As a teacher with many years of experience she is invited to presentations and masterclasses throughout Europe; she teaches also privately baroque and renaissance traverso playing and interpretation.
Martina Komínková plays recorder since childhood, and after graduating in flute from the Conservatory in Brno, she devoted herself professionally. She visited courses and seminars such as the Summer School of Early Music in Prachatice, and took private lessons in Holland with Heiko ter Schegget (Utrechts Conservatorium). She graduated from Masaryk University in the Theory and Practice of Ancient Music. She completed an course with Peter Holtslag at Hochschule für Music und Theater Hamburg and continued her studies with him at the Akademia Muzyczna in Cracow, where she earned a master’s degree. Afterwards, she studied recorder with Carin van Heerden at Anton Bruckner Privatuniversität Linz (2011–2013). Since 2001, she teaches at Veveří Music School, Brno, and since 2009 recorder as main subject at Brno Conservatory. She passes her experience on to other music pedagogs through Brno Conservatory’s “Wind Saturdays” (since 2009) and the summer courses “Bystřická letní fletna” (since 2010).
She performs in solo concerts as well as with chamber ensembles and orchestras at home and abroad. In addition, she performs on baroque and renaissance traversos (Bohemia renaissance consort – Tourdion). She performs regularly with the recorder quartet Flautas de Colores, with whom she recorded the CD Pall Mall in 2014. She has participated in various projects, particularly interesting was a cooperation with Capella Cracoviensis (2012, 2013). She performed with Flautas de Colores in the Bach Organ Festival Brno, in Barbara Maria Willi’s concert series, and in Weimar.
Jan Čižmář is a versatile performer focusing on historical plucked instruments. He performs regularly in Europe, Asia and the USA with ensembles such as Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century, Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra and Capella Cracoviensis, and under conductors such as Frans Brüggen, Christopher Hogwood, Giovanni Antonini, Yannick Nézet–Séguin and Christina Pluhar. He appears also as soloist with of baroque and renaissance repertoire.
After graduation in guitar and musicology in his native Brno he studied at the Royal College of Music in London, where he began playing the lute in the class of Jakob Lindberg. He continued his studies at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague with the teachers Nigel North, Joachim Held, Mike Fentross and Christina Pluhar.
He was the founder and editor of the Czech guitar magazine Kytara and contributes regularly to other musical periodicals. He is also intensely involved with publishing and research activities in the field of early music.
Jan Čižmář taught lute and related instruments at the Karol Szymanowski Academy of Music in Katowice in Poland; currently he is teaching at the Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts in Brno and at the Academy of Ancient Music at Masaryk University in Brno. He regularly gives courses and masterclasses in Europe and overseas.
The concert takes place with financial support from the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic and the Statutory City of Brno.